Dr. Dr. habil. Lutz Bornmann


works as a sociologist of science at the Division for Science and Innovation Studies in the Administrative Headquarters of the Max Planck Society in Munich (Germany). Since the late 1990s, he has been working on issues in the promotion of young academics and scientists in the sciences and on quality assurance in higher education. His current research interests include research evaluation, peer review, bibliometrics, and altmetrics. He is a member of the editorial board of Journal of Informetrics (Elsevier), PLOS ONE, Scientometrics (Springer), and Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (Wiley). Furthermore, he is senior associate editor at International Journal of Biomedical Science Editing (Kowsar) and advisory editorial board member of EMBO Reports (Nature Publishing group).

Since 2004, he has published more than 260 papers in journals covered by Clarivate Analytics’ (formerly the IP & Science business of Thomson Reuters) Web of Science with a total of more than 4600 citations. His publication list and citation metrics are available at http://www.researcherid.com/rid/A-3926-2008). Clarivate Analytics (http://highlycited.com) lists him among the most-highly cited researchers worldwide over the last ten years (since the first release of this service in 2014).





Web pages


CRExplorer: A program for Reference Publication Year Spectroscopy (RPYS)


Web application which visualizes how successful universities or research-focused institutions collaborate


Web application which visualizes research excellence worldwide in several subject areas


Web application to calculate the single publication h index (and further metrics) based on Google Scholar


Which cities produce worldwide more excellent papers than can be expected?


The detection of "hot regions" in the geography of science


Mapping excellence in the geography of the sciences



Most recent publications


Haunschild, R., Hug, S. E., Brändle, M. P., & Bornmann, L. (in press). The number of linked references of publications in Microsoft Academic in comparison with the Web of Science. Scientometrics <preprint>


Bornmann, L. (in press). Which research institution performs better than average in a subject category or better than selected other institutions? Online Information Review


Leydesdorff, L., Wagner, C. S., & Bornmann, L. (in press). Betweenness and diversity in journal citation networks as measures of interdisciplinarity – a tribute to Eugene Garfield. Scientometrics <preprint>


Bornmann, L., Haunschild, R., & Leydesdorff, L. (in press). Reference Publication Year Spectroscopy (RPYS) of Eugene Garfield's publications. Scientometrics <preprint>


Bornmann, L., Haunschild, R., & Hug, S. E. (in press). Visualizing the context of citations referencing papers published by Eugene Garfield: A new type of keyword co-occurrence analysis. Scientometrics <preprint>


Rhaiem, M. & Bornmann, L. (in press). Reference Publication Year Spectroscopy (RPYS) with publications in the area of academic efficiency studies: What are the historical roots of this research topic? Applied Economics


Pudovkin, A. & Bornmann, L. (in press). Approximation of citation distributions to the Poisson distribution. COLLNET Journal of Scientometrics and Information Management


Bornmann, L. & Haunschild, R. (in press). Expected values in percentile indicators. COLLNET Journal of Scientometrics and Information Management <preprint>


Ye, F. Y. & Bornmann, L. (in press). “Smart Girls” versus “Sleeping Beauties” in the sciences: the identification of instant and delayed recognition by using the citation angle. Journal of the Association of Information Science and Technology





Publications from 2018


Bornmann, L., Butz, A., & Wohlrabe, K. (2018). What are the top five journals in economics? A new meta-ranking. Applied Economics, 50(6), 659-675. <paper> <preprint>



Publications from 2017


Bornmann, L. (2017). Confidence intervals for journal impact factors. Scientometrics, 111(3), 1869-1871.


Bornmann, L. (2017). Is collaboration among scientists related to the citation impact of papers because their quality increases with collaboration? An analysis based on data from F1000Prime and normalized citation scores. Journal of the Association of Information Science and Technology, 68(4), 1036-1047. <paper> <preprint>


Bornmann, L. (2017). Measuring impact in research evaluations: A thorough discussion of methods for, effects of, and problems with impact measurements. Higher Education 73(5), 775-787. <paper> <preprint>


Bornmann, L. & Glänzel, W. (2017). Applying the CSS method to bibliometric indicators used in (university) rankings. Scientometrics, 110(2), 937-943. <paper>


Bornmann, L. & Haunschild, R. (2017). An Empirical Look at the Nature Index. Journal of the Association of Information Science and Technology, 68(3), 653-659. <preprint> <paper>


Bornmann, L. & Haunschild, R. (2017). Does evaluative scientometrics lose its main focus on scientific quality by the new orientation towards societal impact? Scientometrics, 110(2), 937-943. <paper>


Bornmann, L. & Haunschild, R. (2017). Measuring field-normalized impact of papers on specific societal groups: An altmetrics study based on Mendeley data. Research Evaluation, 26 (3), 230-241. <preprint> <paper>


Bornmann, L. & Haunschild, R. (2017). Quality and impact considerations in bibliometrics - a reply to Ricker (in press). Scientometrics, 111(3), 1857-1859.


Bornmann, L. & Haunschild, R. (2017). Relative Citation Ratio (RCR): An empirical attempt to study a new field-normalized bibliometric indicator. Journal of the Association of Information Science and Technology, 68(4), 1064-1067 <preprint> <paper>


Bornmann, L. & Leydesdorff, L. (2017). Skewness of citation impact data and covariates of citation distributions: A large-scale empirical analysis based on Web of Science data. Journal of Informetrics, 11(1), 164-175. <preprint> <paper>


Bornmann, L. & Williams, R. (2017). Can the Journal Impact Factor be used as a criterion for the selection of junior researchers? A large-scale empirical study based on ResearcherID data. Journal of Informetrics, 11(3), 788-799. <preprint> <paper>


Bornmann, L. & Williams, R. (2017). Use of the journal impact factor as a criterion for the selection of junior researchers: A rejoinder on a comment by Peters (2017). Journal of Informetrics, 11(4), 945-947. <paper>


Bornmann, L. & Wohlrabe, K. (2017). Calculating the excellence shift: How efficiently do institutions produce highly cited papers? Scientometrics, 112(3), 1859-1864. <paper>


Bornmann, L., Schlagberger, E., & Bauer, J. (2017). Characteristics of highly cited researchers 2015 in Germany. Scientometrics, 111(1), 543-545. <paper>


Bornmann, L., Ye, A. Y., & Ye, F. Y. (2017). Sequence analysis of annually normalized citation counts: an empirical analysis based on the characteristic scores and scales (CSS) method. Scientometrics, 113(3), 1665-1680. <paper>


Haunschild, R. & Bornmann, L. (2017). How many scientific papers are mentioned in policy-related documents? An empirical investigation using Web of Science and altmetric data? Scientometrics 110(3), 1209-1216. <preprint> <paper>


Leydesdorff, L., Bornmann, L., & Wagner, C. S. (2017). Generating Clustered Journal Maps: An Automated System for Hierarchical Classification. Scientometrics, 110(3), 1601-1614. <preprint> <paper>


Leydesdorff, L., Thor, A., & Bornmann, L. (2017). Further steps in integrating the platforms of WoS and Scopus: Historiography with HistCite™ and main-path analysis. El Profesional de la Información, 26(4), 662-670.


Marx, W., Haunschild, R., & Bornmann, L. (2017). Global warming and the taste of tea – the bibliometric view on a newly emerging research topic. Climate, 5(3), 46. <paper>


Marx, W., Haunschild, R., & Bornmann, L. (2017). Climate change and viticulture - The evolution of a highly dynamic research field in view of a bibliometric perspective. VITIS - Journal of Grapevine Research, 56(1), 35-43. <paper>


Marx, W., Haunschild, R., & Bornmann, L. (2017). Slow reception and under-citedness in climate change research - A case study of Charles David Keeling, discoverer of the risk of global warming. Scientometrics, 112(2), 1079-1092. <paper>


Marx, W., Haunschild, R., & Bornmann, L. (2017). The role of climate in the collapse of the Maya civilization: a bibliometric analysis of the scientific discourse. Climate, 5(4), 88. <paper>


Marx, W., Haunschild, R., Thor, A., & Bornmann, L. (2017). Which early works are cited most frequently in climate change research literature? A bibliometric approach based on Reference Publication Year Spectroscopy. Scientometrics, 110(1), 335-353. <preprint> <paper>


Mutz, R., Bornmann, L., & Daniel, H.-D. (2017). Are there any frontiers of research performance? Efficiency measurement of funded research projects with the Bayesian stochastic frontier analysis for count data. Journal of Informetrics, 11(3), 613-628. <paper>


Schlagberger, E. M., Bornmann, L., & Bauer, J. (2017). United States, Europe, and Asia: diversity in Nobel Prize-winning affiliations. International Higher Education, 90, 12-13. <paper>


Ye, F. Y., Bornmann, L., & Leydesdorff, L. (2017). h-based I3-type Multivariate Vectors: Multidimensional Indicators of Publication and Citation Scores. COLLNET Journal of Scientometrics and Information Management, 11(1), 153-171. <paper>


Earlier publications are listed at http://www.researcherid.com/rid/A-3926-2008



Reviewer for journals


American Sociological Review, Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, Archives of General Psychiatry, Asia Pacific Education Review, Aslib Journal of Information Management, Beiträge zur Hochschulforschung, BioEssays, BMC Medicine, BMC Medical Research Methodology, British Journal of Psychiatry, Chemistry Central Journal, Communications of the ACM, Conservation Biology, Croatian Medical Journal, Desalination and Water Treatment, Earth Science Informatics, EMBO Reports, Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics, European Journal of Neurology, European Science Editing, Europhysics Letters, Higher Education, Higher Education Policy, International Journal of Applied Linguistics, Journal of Chemometrics, Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, Journal of Economic Methodology, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, Journal for Educational Research Online, Journal of Informetrics, Journal of Medical Internet Research, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Library & Information Science Research, Minerva, Multivariate Behavioral Research, New Journal of Physics, PLoS ONE, Psychological Methods, Psychologische Rundschau, Research Evaluation, Research Policy, Roars Transactions, a Journal on Research Policy and Evaluation (RT), Science and Engineering Ethics, Science, Technology, and Human Values, Scientometrics, technovation, Zeitschrift für Evaluation, ZOOLOGIA


Reviewer for funding agencies


Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Georgia National Science Foundation, U.S. National Science Foundation, Dutch Technology Foundation (STW)


Reviewer for conferences


Member of the programme committee for the ISSI 2011 conference in Durban, South Africa

Member of the programme committee for the ISSI 2013 conference in Vienna, Austria

Member of the programme committee for the ECCS'13 Satellite Workshop on Quantifying Success in Barcelona, Spain

Member of the programme committee for the 15th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics (ISSI 2015) in Istanbul, Turkey

Member of the programme committee for the Science and Technology Indicators Conference 2015 (STI 2015) at the Università della Svizzera italiana in Lugano



Postal address


Division for Science and Innovation Studies

Administrative Headquarters of the Max Planck Society

Hofgartenstr. 8

D-80539 Munich





+49-170-9183667 (mobile)





lutzbornmann@gmail.com (priv.)


Member of


INCHER Kassel - International Center for Higher Education Research Kassel